Constitutions organize, regulate and handle state power. It helps to frame a strong structure of the state, the key state institutions and the fundamentals governing their associations with everyone and with the citizens of the state. The constitution of the United Kingdom is an exception because it is not available in the written form. Unlike the majority of nations, there is no particular legal document which clearly defines the fundamental laws summarizing how the state must work. The written constitution of Britain can be best described by its history. In several other countries who have witnessed regime or revolution change, it had become essential to begin from scratch or start from the very first principle, creating innovative state institutions and explaining in detail their links with their citizens and to each other.
On the other hand, the British Constitution has advanced over a long span of time, emulating the comparative consistency of the British polity. It has never been considered as important to merge the fundamental units of this order in the United Kingdom. The constitutional law of the United Kingdom is an accretion of different decrees, judicial decisions, conventions and treaties which mutually can be called as the British Constitution. Therefore, it will be right to refer to the constitution of Britain as an ‘unmodified’ structure, instead of an ‘unwritten’ one.
It has been recommended that this Constitution can be summarized up in 8 words: What the Queen enacts in Parliament is a law. Parliamentary sovereignty is frequently considered as the deciding principle of the Constitution of the UK. This is the decisive lawmaking authority chartered in a democratically elected Parliament to make or dissolving any law.
The Constitutional law of the United Kingdom originates from multiple sources. Statutes are the laws which are approved by Parliament and are usually the highest kind of laws. Conventions are actually unwritten methods which have nurtured in due course and legalize the work of governing. Common law is made by the judges and courts through the cases. In 1972, the consent was given to the European Communities Act 1972 which signifies that European law is progressively putting an impact on the British Constitution. As the British Constitution could not be found in any manuscript, lawyers and politicians have depended on the constitutional authorities to find and comprehend the constitution.
The resilience of the UK constitution is obvious from a huge count of constitutional modifications since 1997, comprising the eradication of the maximum number of hereditary peers in the House of Lords, the introduction of catalogued rights of people for the very first time in the Human Rights Act 1998 and decline of Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. However, possibly, these current constitutional transformations might have formed the constitution less adjustable in some respects: it is controversial, for example, whether the decentralization settlements could ever be abolished.
The UK has a stable government for years relying on conventions. It is not essential that only a written constitution can make a steady and democratic government. The Constitutional law of the United Kingdom has proven to establish a strong and powerful government since ages.